Testuru will introduce to you 55 environmental vocabularies - the most urgent issue for our lives today. And this is also the reason why this topic will often appear in the IELTS Speaking. So let's look at this super hot topic!

environmental protection
environmental protection

1. Pollute: to add dirty or harmful substances to land, air, water, etc. so that it is no longer pleasant or safe to use

2. Over-abuse: the use of something in a way that is wrong or harmful

3. Dispose/release/get rid of: to stop holding something or stop it from being held so that it can move, fly, fall, etc. freely

4. Contaminate/pollute: to make a substance or place dirty or no longer pure by adding a substance that is dangerous or carries disease

5. Environmental pollution: the contamination of the physical and biological components of the earth/atmosphere system to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected.

6. Acid rain:is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions. It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals and infrastructure

7. Activated carbon also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.

8. Activated sludge process is a type of wastewater treatment process for treating sewage or industrial wastewaters using aeration and a biological floc.

9. Preservation/conservation: ​the protection of the natural environment

10. Air/soil/water pollution: contaminated air/soil/water

polluted air
polluted air

11. Toxic/poisonous: causing death or illness if swallowed or absorbed into the body

12. Effective/efficient/efficacious: producing the result that is wanted or intended; producing a successful result

13. Plastic bag: a type of container made of thin, flexible, plastic film, nonwoven fabric, or plastic textile

14. Damage/destroy: to damage something so badly that it no longer exists, works, etc.

15. Cause/contribute to climate change/global warming: is long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system, an aspect of current climate change shown by temperature measurements and by multiple effects of the warming

16. Greenhouse: a building with glass sides and a glass roof for growing plants in

17. Government's regulation: an official rule made by a government

18. Shortage/ the lack of: a situation when there is not enough of the people or things that are needed

19. Solar energy: is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies 

20. Wind power: is the use of air flow through wind turbines to provide the mechanical power to turn electric generators and traditionally to do other work, like milling or pumping

55 từ vựng về chủ đề môi trường
55 từ vựng về chủ đề môi trường

21. Solar panel: a panel that absorbs sunlight as a source of energy to generate direct current electricity

22. Polluter: a person, company, country, etc. that causes pollution

23. Pollution: the process of making air, water, soil, etc. dirty; the state of being dirty

24. Serious/acute: bad or dangerous

25. Excessive: greater than what seems reasonable or appropriate

26. Fresh/pure: pleasantly clean, pure or cool

27. Alternative: a thing that you can choose to do or have out of two or more possibilities

28. Damage/destroy the environment: physical harm caused to environment which makes it less attractive, useful or valuable

29. Offset carbon/CO2 emissions: the production or sending out of gas.

30. Preserve biodiversity: protect the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants which make a balanced environment


31. Natural resources: are resources that exist without actions of humankind including all valued characteristics such as magnetic, gravitational, electrical properties and forces etc. On Earth it includes sunlight, atmosphere, water, land,...

32. Greenhouse gas emissions: is a gas that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range. 

33. A marine ecosystem: the collection of living and non-living things under the water, and their relationship to each other.

34. The ozone layer: a layer of zone high above the earth’s surface that helps to protect the earth from harmful radiation from the sun

35. Ground water: water that is found under the ground in soil, rocks, etc

36. The soil: the top layer of the earth in which plants, trees grow

37. Woodland/forest fire: an area of land that is covered with trees, is burnt.

38. Deforestation: the action of destroying the forest

39. Gas exhaust/emission:  gas is emitted as a result of the combustion of fuels such as natural gas, gasoline, petrol, biodiesel blends, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or coal.

40. Carbon dioxin: CO2

gas emission
gas emission

41. Culprit (of): a person who has done something wrong or against the law

42. Ecosystem: a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment, interacting as a system.

43. Soil erosion: is the displacement of the upper layer of soil, it is one form of soil degradation.

44. Pollutant: a substance that pollutes something, especially air and water

45. Crops: is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.

46. Log: a thick piece of wood that is cut from or has fallen from a tree

47. Exploit: to use something well in order to gain as much from it as possible

48. Conserve: to use as little of something as possible so that it lasts a long time

49. Absorption: the process of a liquid, gas or other substance being taken in

50. Adsorption: is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.

planting trees
planting trees

51. Cut/reduce: to make something less or smaller in size, quantity, price, etc

52. Deplete : to reduce something by a large amount so that there is not enough left

53. Produce pollution/CO2/greenhouse (gas) emissions: creating pollution from CO2/gas

54. Raise awareness of environmental issues: to let people improve their knowledge about preserving the environment

55. Save endangered species: save animals that is at risk of no longer existing

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