"IELTS ACADEMIC" OR "IELTS GENERAL TRAINING"?

31-Jul-2019
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There are two types of IELTS exam which are available for people who need to take an IELTS test. These are IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training - ielts online test general training. So what are the differences between these two types of certificates?

Ielts online practice test academic
  • IELTS ACADEMIC

The IELTS Academic test is for people applying to higher education or professional registration in an English speaking environment. It reflects some of the features of academic language and assesses whether you are ready to begin studying or training.

  • GENERAL TRAINING

The IELTS General Training test is for those who are going to English speaking countries for secondary education, work experience or training programs. It is also a requirement for migration to Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the UK. The test focuses on basic survival skills in broad social and workplace contexts.

Both tests are broadly similar apart from the Reading and Writing sections, which contain different styles of questions designed to best suit the environment you are applying to enter.

A. IELTS Listening

This part of the exam is the same for both IELTS tests. You will have to answer 40 questions in 40 minutes (30 minutes of listening and 10 minutes left to write the answer in the answer sheet). You will need to review 4 recordings from native English speakers and answer 10 questions for each recording. You can only listen once.

  • Recording 1 – a conversation between two people set in an everyday social context.
  • Recording 2 – a monologue set in an everyday social context, e.g. a speech about local facilities.
  • Recording 3 – a conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context, e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment.
  • Recording 4 – a monologue on an academic subject, e.g. a university lecture.

Assessors will be looking for evidence of your ability to understand the main ideas and detailed factual information, the opinions and attitudes of speakers, the purpose of an utterance and evidence of your ability to follow the development of ideas.

B. IELTS Reading 

The Reading section consists of 40 questions, designed to test a wide range of reading skills. These include reading for gist, reading for main ideas, reading for detail, skimming, understanding logical argument and recognising writers' opinions, attitudes and purpose.

  • Reading Academic: this includes three long paragraphs which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. These are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers.  They have been selected for a non-specialist audience but are appropriate for people entering university courses or seeking professional registration.
  • General Training: this includes extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking environment.

C. IELTS Speaking

In the Speaking test, you will be interviewed by an examiner. This test includes 3 sections: the interview, the short presentation, and the discussion. It lasts between 11-14 minutes. The Speaking section assesses your usage of spoken English. Every test is recorded.

  • Part 1: the examiner will ask you general questions about yourself and a range of familiar topics, such as home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts between four and five minutes.
  • Part 2: you will be given a card which asks you to talk about a particular topic. You will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes. The examiner will then ask one or two questions on the same topic.
  • Part 3: you will be asked further questions about the topic in Part 2. These will give you the opportunity to discuss more abstract ideas and issues. This part of the test lasts between four and five minutes.

Assessors will be looking for evidence of your ability to understand the main ideas and detailed factual information, the opinions and attitudes of speakers, the purpose of an utterance and evidence of your ability to follow the development of ideas.

D. IELTS Writing 

  • Academic Writing: Topics are of general interest. And it is suitable for test takers entering undergraduate and postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration. There are two tasks:

+ Task 1 – you will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words. You may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.

+ Task 2 – you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style.

  • General Training Writing: Topics are of general interest. There are two tasks:

+ Task 1 - you will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information, or explaining the situation. The letter may be personal, semi-formal or formal in style.

+ Task 2 - you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be fairly personal in style.

cr: ielts.org

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