50 CẤU TRÚC NGỮ PHÁP THÔNG DỤNG CỦA TIẾNG ANH

26-Aug-2019
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50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng
50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng

1. S + V+ too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something (quá….để cho ai làm gì…)

e.g.1 This structure is too easy for you to remember.
e.g.2: He ran too fast for me to follow.

2. S + V + so + adj/ adv + that +S + V (quá… đến nỗi mà…)

e.g.1: This box is so heavy that I cannot take it.
e.g2: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.

3. It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S +V (quá… đến nỗi mà…)

e.g.1: It is such a heavy box that I cannot take it.
e.g.2: It is such interesting books that I cannot ignore them at all.

4. S + V + adj/ adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something. (Đủ… cho ai đó làm gì…)

e.g.1: She is old enough to get married.
e.g.2: They are intelligent enough for me to teach them English.

5. Have/ get + something + done (VpII) (nhờ ai hoặc thuê ai làm gì…)

e.g.1: I had my hair cut yesterday.
e.g.2: I’d like to have my shoes repaired.

6. It + be + time + S + V (-ed, cột 2) / It’s +time +for someone +to do something (đã đến lúc ai đó phải làm gì…)

e.g.1: It is time you had a shower.
e.g.2: It’s time for me to ask all of you for this question.

7. It + takes/took+ someone + amount of time + to do something (làm gì… mất bao nhiêu thời gian…)

e.g.1: It takes me 5 minutes to get to school.
e.g.2: It took him 10 minutes to do this exercise yesterday.

8. To prevent/stop + someone/something + From + V-ing (ngăn cản ai/cái gì… không làm gì..)

e.g.1: I can’t prevent him from smoking
e.g.2: I can’t stop her from tearing

9. S + find+ it+ adj to do something (thấy … để làm gì…)

e.g.1: I find it very difficult to learn about English.
e.g.2: They found it easy to overcome that problem.

10. To prefer + Noun/ V-ing + to + N/ V-ing. (Thích cái gì/làm gì hơn cái gì/ làm gì)

e.g.1: I prefer dog to cat.
e.g.2: I prefer reading books to watching TV.

50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng
50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng

11. Would rather + V­ (infinitive) + than + V (infinitive) (thích làm gì hơn làm gì)

e.g.1: She would rather play games than read books.
e.g.2: I’d rather learn English than learn Biology.

12. To be/get Used to + V-ing (quen làm gì)

e.g.1: I am used to eating with chopsticks.

13. Used to + V (infinitive) (Thường làm gì trong quá khứ và bây giờ không làm nữa)

e.g.1: I used to go fishing with my friend when I was young.
e.g.2: She used to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.

14. to be amazed at = to be surprised at + N/V-ing ( ngạc nhiên về….)

e.g: I’m so surprised at being chosen for the leader position.

15. to be angry at + N/V-ing (tức giận về)

e.g: She’s angry at his behavior.

16. to be good at/ bad at + N/ V-ing (giỏi về…/ kém về…)

e.g: She’s good at dancing.

17. by chance = by accident (adv) (tình cờ)

e.g: I met my ex-boyfreind by accident last night.

18. to be/get tired of + N/V-ing (mệt mỏi về…)

e.g: I'm getting tired of this relationship.

19. can’t stand/ help/ bear/ resist + V-ing (không nhịn được làm gì…)

e.g: I can't stand laughing at her joke.

20. to be keen on/ to be fond of + N/V-ing (thích làm gì đó…)

e.g: I'm fond of reading books.

50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng
50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng

21. to be interested in + N/V-ing (quan tâm đến…)

e.g: I'm interested in fashion and technology.

22. to waste + time/ money + V-ing (tốn tiền hoặc thời gian làm gì)

e.g: Do not waste time on convincing him

23. To spend + amount of time/ money + V-ing (dành bao nhiêu thời gian làm gì…)

To spend + amount of time/ money + on + something (dành thời gian vào việc gì…)

e.g.1: I spend 2 hours reading books a day.
e.g.2: She spent all of her money on clothes.

24. to give up + V-ing/ N (từ bỏ làm gì/ cái gì…)

e.g: My cousin has given up smoking thanks to his son.

25. would like/ want/wish + to do something (thích làm gì…)

e.g: I want to buy that car.

e.g: I wish to understand what he is thinking now.


26. have + (something) to + Verb (có cái gì đó để làm)

e.g: I have some vegetable to cook dinner.

27. It + be + something/ someone + that/ who (chính…mà…)

e.g: It’s Liz that Peter is looking for.

28. Had better + V(infinitive) (nên làm gì….)

e.g: You had better finish your housework before mom comes back home.

29. hate/ like/ dislike/ enjoy/ avoid/ finish/ mind/ postpone/ practise/ consider/ delay/ deny/ suggest/ risk/ keep/ imagine/ fancy + V-ing,

e.g.1: I always practise speaking English everyday.

e.g. 2: Noah hates eating spinach.

30. It’s + adj + to + V-infinitive (quá gì ..để làm gì)

e.g: It’s so late to go out for dinner.

50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng
50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng

31. Take place = happen = occur (xảy ra)

e.g: The meeting will take place in Riverside Palace.

32. to be excited about (thích thú)

e.g: My nephew is excited about the short trip to the zoo this weekend.

33. to be bored with/ fed up with (chán cái gì/làm gì)

e.g: I’m fed up with this job.

34. There is + N-số ít, there are + N-số nhiều (có cái gì…)

e.g: There is a little dog standing in front of my house.

35. feel like + V-ing (cảm thấy thích làm gì…)

e.g: I feel like going to the gym to day.

36. expect someone to do something (mong đợi ai làm gì…)

e.g: I expect him to come earlier.

37. advise someone to do something (khuyên ai làm gì…)

e.g: My mom advises me to not get married soon.

38. go + V-ing (chỉ các trỏ tiêu khiển..)

E.g. go camping, go fishing, go shopping,…

39. leave someone alone (để ai yên…)

e.g: Could you please leave me alone?

40. By + V-ing (bằng cách làm…)

e.g: By doing what you love you inspire and awaken the hearts of others 

50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng
50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng

41. want/ plan/ agree/ wish/ attempt/ decide/ demand/ expect/ mean/ offer/ prepare/ happen/ hesitate/ hope/ afford/ intend/ manage/ try/ learn/ pretend/ promise/ seem/ refuse + TO + V-infinitive

e.g.1: I decide to study English.

42. for a long time = for years = for ages (đã nhiều năm rồi) (dùng trong thì hiện tại hoàn thành)

e.g: I haven’t been back to Thailand for years.

43. when + S + V(simple past), S + was/were + V-ing.

e.g: When she came, we were having lunch.

44. When + S + V(simple past), S + had + V

e.g: When she came, we had just finished our lunch.

45. Before + S + V(simple past), S + had + V

e.g: Before she came, we had finished our lunch.

50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng
50 cấu trúc câu hay dùng

46. After + S + had + V, S + V(simple past)

e.g: After we had finished our lunch, she came.

47. to be crowded with (rất đông cái gì đó…)

e.g: The street is crowded with foreigner tourists.

48. to be full of (đầy cái gì đó…)

e.g: The city is full of cars.

49. To be/ seem/ sound/ became/ feel/ appear/ look/ go/ turn/ grow + adj (đây là các động từ tri giác có nghĩa là: có vẻ như/ là/ dường như/ trở nên… sau chúng nếu có adj và adv thì chúng ta phải chọn adj)

e.g: You look awful today. What happens?

50. Chú ý phân biệt 2 loại tính từ V-ed và V-ing: dùng -ed để miêu tả về người, -ing cho vật. và khi muốn nói về bản chất của cả người và vật ta dùng – ing

e.g.1: That film is boring.
e.g.2: He is bored.
e.g.3: He is an interesting man.
e.g.4: That book is an interesting one. (khi đó không nên nhầm với –ed, chẳng hạn ta nói : a loved man có nghĩa “người đàn ông được mến mộ”, tức là có nghĩa “Bị” và “Được” ở đó)

nguồn: X3English

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