BÀI TẬP VÀ ĐÁP ÁN VỀ CÁC THÌ QUÁ KHỨ

07-Jun-2019
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"PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT"

Vậy nên sau khi nắm thật chắc lý thuyết rồi thì chúng ta phải đến bước thực hành thôi ! Sau đây TESTURU sẽ giới thiệu đến các bạn một só bài tập về các thì quá khứ đơnpast simple, thì quá khứ tiếp diễn - past continuous, thì quá khứ hoàn thành - past perfectthì quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn - past perfect continuous

Nếu các bạn muốn ôn lại lý thuyết về các thì hiện tại trước khi bắt tay vào luyện tập thì hãy xem lại công thức, cách sử dụng và dấu hiệu nhận biết của các thì quá khứ ở đây nhé !

1. Thì quá khứ đơn (past tense)

a) Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn

Bài 1. Hoàn thành động từ trong ngoặc của mẩu truyện sau

1. Yesterday, I (go)______ to the restaurant with a client. 

2. We (drive) ______ around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space. 

3. When we (arrive) ______ at the restaurant, the place (be) ______ full. 

4. The waitress (ask) ______ us if we ______(have) reservations. 

5. I _____(say), "No, my secretary forgets to make them." 

6. The waitress (tell)______ us to come back in two hours. 

7. My client and I slowly (walk) ______ back to the car. 

8. Then we (see) ______ a small grocery store. 

9. We______ (stop) in the grocery store and (buy) ______ some sandwiches. 

10. That (be) ______ better than waiting for two hours. 

Bài 2. Chia động từ của các câu sau

1. It was warm, so I ….. off my coat. (take).

2. The film wasn't very goor. I …… it very much. (enjoy)

3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ..... her (disturb)

4. I was very tired, so I ..... the party early. (leave)

5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ..... very well (sleep)

6. The window was open and a bird ..... into the room (fly)

7. The hotel wasn't very expensive. It ..... very much (cost)

8. I was in a hurry, so I ..... time to phone you (have).

9. It was hard carrying the bags. They ..... very heavy. (be)

10. I thought that It would be awful, but finally It ……. (turn) out to be great!

b) Đáp án bài tập thì quá khứ đơn

Bài 1

1. Yesterday, I went to the restaurant with a client.

2. We drove around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space.

3. When we arrived at the restaurant, the place was full.

4. The waitress asked us if we had reservations.

5. I said, "No, my secretary forgets to make them."

6. The waitress told us to come back in two hours.

7. My client and I slowly walked back to the car.

8. Then we saw a small grocery store.

9. We stopped in the grocery store and bought some sandwiches.

10. That was better than waiting for two hours.

Bài 2

1. took

2. didn’t enjoy

3. didn't disturb     

4. left        

5. didn't sleep           

6. flew            

7. didn't cost         

8. didn't have      

9. were

10. turned

bài tập và đáp án cụ thể về các thì quá khứ
BÀI TẬP VÀ ĐÁP ÁN CỤ THỂ VỀ CÁC THÌ QUÁ KHỨ

2. Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn (past continuous)

a) Bài tập thì quá khứ tiếp diễn

Bài 1. Chia các động từ trong ngoặc

1. At this time last year, they ­­­­­­­­­­­­(build) this house.

2. I (drive) my car very fast when you called me.

3. I (chat) with my friends while my teacher (teach) the lesson yesterday.

4. My father (watch) TV when I got home.

5. At this time yesterday, I (prepare) for my son’s birthday party.

6. What you (do) at 8 pm yesterday?

7. Where you (go) when I saw you last weekend?

8. They (not go) to school when I met them yesterday.

9. My mother (not do) the housework when my father came home.

10. My sister (read) books while my brother (play) football yesterday afternoon.

Bài 2. Hoàn thành các câu sau sử dụng thì quá khứ tiếp diễn và ý tưởng của bạn

1 Matt phoned while we …………..

2 The doorbell rang while I ……….

3 We saw an accident while we ……….

4 Ann fell asleep whiel she ……….

5 The television was on, but nobody ……….

 

b) Đáp án bài tập thì quá khứ tiếp diễn

Bài 1

1. were building                               

2. was driving                                    

3. was chatting                                   

4. was watching                                 

5. was preparing  

6. were you doing

7. were you going     

8. weren’t going  

9. wasn’t doing                        

10. was reading

Bài 2

1. were having dinner.

2. was having a shower

3. were waiting the bus

4. was reading the paper

5. was watching it

3. Thì quá khứ hoàn thành (past perfect)

a) Bài tập thì quá khứ hoàn thành

Bài 1. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc

1. They (come) …………….. back home after they (finish) ………………… their work.

2. She said that she ( meet) ……………………. Mr. Bean before.

3. Before he (go) ………………………….. to bed, he (read) ………………………… a novel.

4. He told me he (not/wear) ………………………… such kind of clothes before.

5. When I came to the stadium, the match (start) ………………………………….

6. Before she (listen) ………………….. to music, she (do)……………………. homework.

7. Last night, Peter (go) ………………….. to the supermarket before he (go) ………………… home.

Bài 2. Viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa không đổi sử dụng từ gợi ý cho sẵn

1. David had gone home before we arrived. – After …………………………………………………………………………………….

2. We had lunch then we took a look around the shops. – Before ……………………………………………………………………………………

3. The light had gone out before we got out of the office. – When…………………………………………………………………………………….

4. After she had explained everything clearly, we started our work. – By the time …………………………………………………………………………….

5. My father had watered all the plants in the garden by the time my mother came home. – Before ………………………………………………………………………………….

b) Đáp án bài tập thì quá khứ hoàn thành

Bài 1

1.came – had finished

2. had met

3. went – had read

4.hadn’t worn

5.had started

6.listened – had done

7.had gone – went

Bài 2

1.After David had gone home, we arrived. (Sau khi David về nhà, chúng tôi tới.)

2.Before we took a look around the shops, we had had lunch. (Trước khi chúng tôi đi xem xung quanh các cửa hàng, chúng tôi đã ăn trưa rồi.)

3.When we got out of the office, the light had gone out.(Lúc chúng tôi rời khỏi văn phòng thì đèn đã bị tắt trước đó rồi.)

4.By the time we started our work, she had explained everything clearly. (Vào thời điểm chúng tôi bắt đầu công việc, cô ấy đã giải thích mọi thứ rõ ràng rồi.)

5.Before my mother came home, my father had watered all the plants in the garden. (Trước khi mẹ tôi về nhà, bố tôi đã tưới tất cả các cây trong vườn rồi.)

thì quá khứ đơn, quá khứ tiếp diễn, quá khứ hoàn thành , quá khứ tiếp diễn hoàn thành
BÀI TẬP VÀ ĐÁP ÁN CỤ THỂ CÁC THÌ QUÁ KHỨ TRONG TIẾNG ANH

4. Thì quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn (past perfect continuous)

a) Bài tập thì quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn

Bài 1. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc

1. When I arrived, they (wait) …………………………… for me. They were very angry with me.

2. We (run) ……………………………along the street for about 40 minutes when a car suddenly stopped right in front of  us.

3. Yesterday, my brother said he (stop) ……………………………smoking for 2 months.

4. Someone (paint) …………………………… the room because the smell of the paint was very strong when I got into the room.

5. They (talk) ………………………..… on the phone when the rain poured down.

6. The man (pay) ………………………….. for his new car in cash.

7. I (have) ………………………………….lunch by the time the others came into the restaurant.

8. It (rain) ……………………….. for two days before the storm came yesterday.

Bài 2. Chia động từ thích hợp trong ngoặc, past continuous (I was doing) past perfect (I had done) or past perfect continuous (I had been doing)

1. It was very noisy next door. Our neighbours………… (have) a party.

2. We were good friend. We …………(know) each other for years.

3. John and I went for a walk. I had difficulty keeping up with him because he………… (walk) so fast

4. Sue was sitting on the ground.She was out of breath. She………… (run)

5. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table with their mouths full. They ………… (eat)

6. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table and talking. Their mouths were empty, but their stomachs were full. They …………. (eat)

7. Jim was on his hands and knees on the floor. He …………(look) for his contach lens.

8. When I arrived, Kate………… (wait) for me. She was annoyed with me because I was late and she …………(wait) for a long time.

9. I was sad when I sold my car. I………… (have) it for a long time. 

10 We were extremely excited about the trip that we …………(travel) in the last 2 months.

b) Đáp án bài tập thì quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn

Bài 1

1. When I arrived, they (wait) …………………………… for me. They were very angry with me.

- had been waiting (Khi tôi đến, họ vẫn đang đợi tôi. Họ thực sự rất tức giận với tôi.)

2. We (run) ……………………………along the street for about 40 minutes when a car suddenly stopped right in front of  us.

- had been running (Chúng tôi chạy dọc theo tuyến phố được khoảng 40 phút thì chiếc xe đột nhiên dừng lại ngay trước chúng tôi.)

3. Yesterday, my brother said he (stop) ……………………………smoking for 2 months.

- had been stopping (Hôm qua, anh trai của tôi nói rằng anh ấy đã bỏ không hút thuốc lá được 2 tháng rồi.)

4. Someone (paint) …………………………… the room because the smell of the paint was very strong when I got into the room.

- had been painting (Ai đó đã sơn căn phòng bởi vì mùi sơn vẫn rất nồng nặc khi tôi bước vào phòng.)

5. They (talk) ………………………..… on the phone when the rain poured down.

- had been talking (Họ đã nói chuyện trên điện thoại khi mưa trút xuống.)

6. When we came , the boy (sing) ………………………….. loudly for 2 hours.

- had been singing (Lúc chúng tôi đến thì cậu bé đã hát rất to liên tục trong 2 tiếng đồng hồ rồi)

7. I (have) ………………………………….lunch for 20 minutes by the time the others came into the restaurant.

- had been having (Cho tới thời điểm những người khác bước vào nhà hàng thì tôi ăn trưa được 20 phút rồi.)

8. It (rain) ……………………….. for two days before the storm came yesterday.

- had been raining (Trời mưa suốt hai 2 ngày trước khi cơn bão ập đến ngày hôm qua.)

Bài 2

1. were having

2. had known

3. was walking

4. had been running

5. were eating

6. had been eating

7. was looking

8. was waiting ... had been waiting

9. had had

10. had been travelling

nguồn: tham khảo và tổng hợp

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