TỪ VỰNG CẦN THIẾT CHO IELTS WRITING TASK 1

11-Apr-2019 bình luận

Dàn bài chung cho IELTS Writing Task 1:

INTRODUCTION + BASIC/ GENERAL TRENDS + DETAILS DESCRIPTION + SUMMARY (OPTIONAL).

TỪ VỰNG CHO PHẦN "INTRODUCTION" TRONG IELTS WRITING

Starting

 

Presentation Type

 

Verb

 

Description

 

The/ the given / the supplied / the presented / the shown / the providedDiagram / Table / Figure / Illustration / Graph / Chart / Flow Chart / Picture/ Presentation/ Pie Chart / Bar Graph/ Column Graph / Line Graph / Table Data/ Data / Information / Pictorial/ Process Diagram/ Map/ Pie Chart And Table/ Bar Graph And Pie ChartShows / represents / depicts / enumerates / illustrates / presents/ gives / provides / delineates/ outlines/ describes / delineates/ expresses/ denotes/ compares/ shows contrast / indicates / figures / gives data on / gives information on/ presents information about/ shows data about/ demonstrates/ sketch out/ summarises...

The comparison of…

The differences…

The changes...

The number of…

Information on…

Data on…

The proportion of…

The amount of…

Information on...

Data about...

Comparative data...

The trend of...

The percentages of...

The ratio of...

How the...

Example :

1.  The diagram shows employment rates among adults in four European countries from 1925 to 1985.

2.  The given pie charts represent the proportion of male and female employees in 6 broad categories, dividing into manual and non-manual occupations in Australia, between 2010 and 2015.

3.  The chart gives information about consumer expenditures on six products in four countries namely Germany, Italy, Britain and France.

4.  The supplied bar graph compares the number of male and female graduates in three developing countries while the table data presents the overall literacy rate in these countries.

5.  The bar graph and the table data depict the water consumption in different sectors in five regions.

6.  The bar graph enumerates the money spent on different research projects while the column graph demonstrates the fund sources over a decade, commencing from 1981.

7.  The line graph delineates the proportion of male and female employees in three different sectors in Australia between 2010 and 2015.

Lưu ý: Một số Giám khảo sẽ yêu cầu bạn viết: ” "The line graph demonstrates..." thay vì “"The given line graph demonstrates...". Tuy vậy, nếu bạn viết ” "The given/ provided/ presented...." sẽ vẫn được xem là đúng.

TỪ VỰNG CHO PHẦN MÔ TẢ XU HƯỚNG TỔNG QUÁT CỦA BIỂU ĐỒ TRONG IELTS WRITING

In general, In common, Generally speaking, Overall, It is obvious, As is observed, As a general trend, As can be seen, As an overall trend,  As is presented, It can be clearly seen that, At the first glance, it is clear, At the onset, it is clear that, A glance at the graphs reveals that...

Example:

1.  In general, the employment opportunities increased till 1970 and then declined throughout the next decade.

2.  As is observed, the figures for imprisonment in the five mentioned countries show no overall pattern, rather shows the considerable fluctuations from country to country.

3.  Generally speaking, citizens in the USA had a far better life standard than that of remaining countries.

4.  As can be seen, the highest number of passengers used the London Underground station at 8:00 in the morning and at 6:00 in the evening.

5.  Generally speaking, more men were engaged in managerial positions in 1987 than that of women in New York this year.

6.  As an overall trend, the number of crimes reported increased fairly rapidly until the mid-seventies, remained constant for five years and finally, dropped to 20 cases a week after 1982.

7.  At a first glance, it is clear that more percentages of native university pupils violated regulations and rules than the foreign students did during this period.

8.  At the onset, it is clear that drinking in public and drink driving were the most common reasons for US citizens to be arrested in 2014.

9.  Overall, the leisure hours enjoyed by males, regardless of their employment status, was much higher than that of women.

TỪ VỰNG CHO PHẦN ĐẦU THÂN BÀI TRONG IELTS WRITING

1. As is presented in the diagram(s)/ graph(s)/ pie chart(s)/ table...

2. As (is) shown in the illustration...

3. As can be seen in the...

4. As the diagrams suggest...

5. According to the...

6. Categorically speaking...

7. Getting back to the details...

8. Now, turning to the details...

9. The table data clearly shows that...

10. The diagram reveals that...

11. The data suggest that...

12. The graph gives the figure...

13. It is interesting to note that...

14. It is apparently seen that...

15. It is conspicuous that...

16. It is explicitly observed that...

17. It is obvious...

18. It is clear from the data...

19. It is worth noticing that...

20. It is crystal clear/ lucid that...

21. It can be clearly observed that...

22. It could be plainly viewed that...

23. It could be noticed that...

24. We can see that...

TỪ VỰNG THỂ HIỆN SỰ THAY ĐỔI TRONG BIỂU ĐỒ TRONG IELTS WRITING

Type of Change

 

Adverb form

 

Adjective form

 

Rapid changedramatically / rapidly / sharply / quickly / hurriedly / speedily / swiftly / significantly/ considerably / substantioally / noticably.dramatic / rapid / sharp / quick / hurried / speedy / swift / significant / considerable / substantial / noticable.
Moderate changemoderately / gradually / progressively / sequentially.  moderate / gradual / progressive /  sequential.
Steady change steadily/ ceaselessly.steady/ ceaseless.
Slight changeslightly / slowly / mildly / tediously.slight / slow / mild / tedious.

Example:

1.  The economic inflation of the country increased sharply by 20% in 2008.

2.  There was a sharp drop in the industrial production in the year 2009.

3.  The demand for new houses dramatically increased in 2002.

4.  The population of the country dramatically increased in the last decade.

5.  The price of the oil moderately increased during the last quarter but as a consequence, the price of daily necessity rapidly went up.

Nguồn: ielts-mentor

 

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